Vijaya-Dashmi is a Hindu festival celebrated all over India with much pomp, fun and frolic. Navratri starts on the first day of the month of Aso according to the Hindu calendar and celebrated for 9 days. The 10th day is the festival of Vijaya Dashmi. So many brave and bold people have set out for victory and they were victorious, therefore we call this day Vijaya-Dashmi (10th day of victory) and have woven them in our lives. The meaning of this festival is to revive and remember the past victories and so get inspiration and make for a secure future.
On this day, the demon, Mahishasura, who was harassing the humans and Devas was defeated and killed by the Goddess Durgadevi after 9 days of continuous fight. In this way, Goddess Durgadevi had protected the human beings and the Devas. On this day, Shri Ramchandraji also attacked Ravan, who had abducted Sita, and achieved victory over him. On the same day, centuries later, the Pandavas too, took out their arms hidden in the Shamir tree during thirteen years of living incognito in the forest and attacked Duryodhana's army and gained victory. It is the birth date of Lord Buddha who preached peace and non-violence to the world. Thus, so many victory marches and victory battles have been fought on this day. The main lesson of this day is that the forces of righteousness can conquer the forces of evil and establish peace in the world.
In this manner the day of Vijaya-Dashmi is considered auspicious for starting any activity. In the past, farmers paid obeisance to their ploughs and bullocks; industrialists to their machines; Kings marched in a procession with much pomp. Nowadays, in towns and villages, horse races, archery and other games and fairs are organised. People come from far-away places with their wares to these fairs. The young and old, clad in their colourful garments come to have a merry time. In some places, Krishna-lilas are held which keep the cultural and religious fervour high in the hearts of all people.
On this auspicious day the merchants pay respect to their books, artists pay homage to their arts, and any other auspicious activities are started on this day. Traditionally, to commemorate this day, Hindus all over the world burn an effigy of Ravan depicting triumph of the good over the evils
It is important to understand the meaning behind this festival. The protection of one's country, religion, activities, boldness, peace and non-violence are the qualities in the message of this day.